The Basics Of Knee Sprains and Ankle Sprains- Joint Problems & Ligament Tears
Ligament and tendon tears or ruptures occur on the outer edges of the tendons. Joint Problems and ligament tears result from physical stress placed on the muscles around a joint.
Ligamentous tears result in symptoms such as Joint pain, swelling, and/or inflammation. When a tendon and ligament become damaged, the surrounding soft tissue may be irritated and inflamed resulting in local swelling and/or pain. You might also feel or hear a pop when you rupture the tissue.
Common Cause of Ligament Tears & Joint Problems
The most common cause of ligament tears is sports-related activities. A recent study revealed that more than 90% of athletes involved in contact sports-diving, soccer, boxing, and hockey suffer some type of injury to their knees.
To prevent injuries to your knee, make sure to warm up properly before and after exercise and use the proper weight lifting techniques. If you do receive a blow to the front of your knee, the knee may swell or feel tender for several days. If you experience any pain or swelling, see a doctor right away. Early treatment for this type of injury will help reduce the risk of permanent damage to your knee.
Ligament tears and ruptures occur in different ways. In the case of minor tears, they are self-limiting and resolve without any intervention after a few weeks. Ligament tears and ruptures that occur in more serious situations (like fractures of the bone) require arthroscopic surgery, microsurgery, or segmentectomy.
The types of surgery used to depend on the severity of the injury. These types of injuries are also more expensive.
Ligament tears occur most frequently in athletes’ knees. They are most common among basketball players because of the repeated jumping and range of motion twisting of the ankles during games. Frequent ankle sprains can develop into patellar tendonitis, which is very similar to the symptoms of plantar fasciitis.
Different Types of Ligament Injuries
Ligament ruptures occur in people with previous or current orthopedic injuries, people who lift heavy objects or have poor body mechanics when wearing shoes, and people who participate in contact sports. In sports, athletes may contract muscle strains, cartilage injuries, bone fractures, complete tears, ACL tears, and ligament tears.
In general, treatment for these injuries usually requires physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, and surgical correction. If the injury causes a loss of function, the doctor may recommend surgical correction.
The most common type of ligament tears is extrusions, which are caused by stretching the ligaments between bones together. This occurs when the muscles surrounding the joint become irritated when they are stretched. In addition, direct trauma to bones can cause extrusions, such as when playing racquetball or swimming. Sports athletes are at greater risk of developing extrusions because of their frequent jumping, twisting, and jumping.
Diagnosis of an ankle and knee ligament injury involves an evaluation of the symptoms and the structure of your ankle. It is not uncommon for other conditions to cause symptoms similar to those of a ligament tear, such as arthritis or plantar fasciitis.
Initial Treatment for Acute Pain or Swelling
Initial treatment for acute pain or swelling will include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cortisone injections, and hot packs to reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief. This may be performed over the counter, but you should consult with a doctor before requiring surgery.
Over-the-counter medications that are effective in relieving painful joints and swelling include Ibuprofen, Aleve, and ibuprofen acetate. You may want to ask your doctor about prescription NSAIDs, such as Advil or Motrin. These drugs are more effective in the treatment of knee joint sprains and ankle sprains due to osteoarthritis OA or rheumatoid arthritis RA.
To understand what ligament partial tears are, first you have to know what they are caused. Basically, ligament tears and ruptures are accidents to the delicate soft tissues that link together with your tendons and muscles. Generally, common symptoms of affected joint and ligament tears include swelling and pain.
Treatment or Surgery of Ligament Tears & Joint Pain
Treatments may consist of a splint, surgery, or another treatment for the torn ligament. There are some things you can do before deciding on the best treatment for yourself.
Ligament tears often occur in athletes and elderly people who are more active than other people. The overuse and repetitive movement can result in tears to the tendons. Sports and outdoor activities are often the cause of this type of injury.
Injuries to the medial (inside) ligament usually occur during activities involving twisting, jumping, or sudden movements of the foot. The location of the injury is around the outer ankle in the medial aspect. This injury is more common in athletes and elderly individuals and can cause swelling and possible pain.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament & Collateral Ligament Injury
Ligament Tears occur in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or collateral ligament LCL, which inserts into the front part of the thigh bone. When this injury occurs, there is a compression of the structures that support the ankle.
When this occurs, the ligaments may become irritated and inflamed. If not treated, this injury can progress into a full-blown rupture. If a complete rupture does occur, there may be swelling, pain, and a loss of motion.
Some of the less severe types of ligament tears involve only a small amount of bleeding and bruising. These less severe injuries often heal on their own. However, in some cases, the injured person will require a period of therapy to address the issue.
Depending on the severity of the injury, treatment may include physical therapy, ice, heat, and anti-inflammatory medication. While some people can get around this type of bruising and bleeding through rest and immobilization, others will need surgery to repair the damages.
Causes of Ligament Tears & Joint Problems
There are many potential causes of tears, including the addition of excessive weight, repetitive motions, sports injuries, and trauma to a particular body part. When you visit your doctor, he or she will evaluate your symptoms and take a complete history of your medical history. He or she will then perform a physical examination and review your symptoms.
A Orthopedic doctor is not sure exactly what causes these types of tears until much closer to the actual occurrence of the injury. So the sooner you visit with your doctor, the sooner the cause of the pain and loss of movement can be diagnosed.
One of the most common reasons that ligament tears occur is from an injury to the cartilage in the meniscus. Cartilage is the connective tissue that keeps your bones and muscles connected together. Injuries to this area occur in contact sports like football and rugby, cycling, hockey, soccer, basketball and tennis, and volleyball. The meniscus in your knees and hips is responsible for absorbing shock and allowing you to bend and extend without suffering an injury.
With the advancement of modern medicine, it is possible to diagnose the type of tear in your knee almost instantaneously. However, most physicians will wait until the injury has healed completely before diagnosing a problem. When you are concerned about possible meniscus tears, you should schedule an appointment with your physician as soon as possible.
Once diagnosed, it is important that you seek quick treatment to prevent further injury and pain. A qualified physician will be able to correctly assess your symptoms and recommend. The best course of action when it comes to addressing your symptoms and treating your sports medicine injuries American academy of orthopaedic surgeons.